Time: 2 Hours; Marks: 40
1. Definition of health and disease – signs of health in flock. Principles of hygiene- use of detergents in spraying and cleaning of sheds. Importance of sanitation in hatchery building, hatchers and setters. Role of intermediate hosts in spread of diseases. Pre- disposing factors for sickness- faulty feeding practices, poor ventilation, lack of cleanliness, overcrowding, attendant, precautions to avoid infection.
2. Common diseases of poultry and their causative agents. Symptoms and treatment.
Viral Diseases: Ranikhet diseases, fowl pox, EDS -76 (egg drop syndrome), infectious bursal diseases (Gumboro diseases) infectious bronchitis, infectious Laryngo Tranchitis, inclusion body hepatitis, avian encephalomyelitis, Reoviral arthritis, marek’s disease, avian lymphoid leukosis.
Bacterial Diseases: coli bacillosis, infectious coryza, salmonellosis, pasteurel lososs pirochetosis, mycoplasmosis, tuberculosis.
Fungal Diseases: Aspergillosis and aflatocicosis.
Parasitic Diseases: Ectiparasistes – line, mites, ticks and fieas: Endoparasties – rounf worm tape worm and protozoan diseases – coccidiosis.
3. Miscellaneous diseases: Staphyococccosis, cannibalism, pilling of birfs, egg bound condition, proapa of the uterus, cage layer fatigue. Sofuum chloride poising. Stunting syndrome, tumors. Diseases of duck, quinea fowl, turkeys and quail Nutritional deficiencies –polyneuritis, curried toe paralysis, encephalomalacia, rickets, perosiisnad other nutritional diseases.
4. Principle of immunity, immunization and control of infectious diseases such as Ranikhet disease, marek’s disease, fowl pox, infectious bronchitis. Immunity periods after vaccination. Precautions at vaccination time. Preparation and storage of vaccines Deworming and control of parasitic diseases and routine treatment methods.