After successfully completing the two years of Senior Secondary Vocational Course the student would have acquired relevant appropriate and adequate technical knowledge together with professional skills and competencies in the field of Electrical Technology so that he/she is properly equipped to take up gainful employment in this vocation.
Part B: Vocational Skills (50 Marks)
1. Current Electricity
Electricity as a source of energy, Definition of Resistance, Voltage, Current, Power, Energy and their units, Relation between electrical, mechanical and thermal units, Factors affecting resistance of a conductor, Temperature co-efficient of resistance, Difference between AC and DC voltage and current.
2. D.C. Circuits
Ohm’s Law, Series – parallel resistance circuits, calculation of equivalent resistance, Kirchhoff’s Laws and their applications.
3. Electric Cells
Primary cell, wet cell, dry cell, battery, series and parallel connections of cells, Secondary cells, Lead Acid Cell, Discharging and recharging of cells, common charging methods, preparation of electrolyte, care and maintenance of secondary cells.
4. Heating and Lighting Effects of Current
Joule’s Law of electric heating and its domestic applications, heating efficiency, lighting effect of electric current, filaments used in lamps, and gaseous discharge lamps, their working and applications.
Capacitor and its capacity, Concept of charging and Discharging of capacitors, Types of Capacitors and their use in circuits, Series and parallel connection of capacitors, Energy stored in a capacitor.
6. Electromagnetic Effects
Permanent magnets and Electromagnets, their construction and use, Polarities of an electromagnet and rules for finding them.
Faraday’s Laws of Electromagnetic Induction, Dynamically induced e.m.f., its magnitude and induction, Static induction, self-induced e.m.f., its magnitude and direction, inductance and its unit. Mutually induced e.m.f., its magnitude and direction, Energy stored in an inductance.
Force acting on a current carrying conductor in magnetic field, its magnitude and direction, Torque produced on a current carrying coil in a magnetic field, Principles and construction of dynamo.
7. A.C Circuits
Generation of A.C. voltage, its generation and wave shape. Cycle, frequency, peak value (maximum value), average value, instantaneous value , R.M.S. value, form factor, crest factor, phase, phase difference, power and power factor, A.C. Series Circuits with (i) resistance and inductance (ii) resistance and capacitance and (iii) resistance inductance and capacitance, Q factor of R.L.C. series circuits.
8. Soldering and Brazing
General characteristics of soldering, brazing joints, processes and their characteristics, brief description of soldering and brazing tools equipment, types of solders and fluxes and their uses, soldering defects and their remedies, brazing materials, advantages and disadvantages of soldering and brazing.
9. Measuring Instruments
Construction and working principles of moving iron and moving coil voltmeters and ammeters, dynamometer type wattmeter, ohm meter, megger and induction type energy meter- their circuit connection and application for measurement of electrical quantities.
10. Electrical Engineering Drawing
Schematic and wiring diagram for domestic simple wiring, symbols used for different electrical devices and equipments.
11. Electrical wiring
Types of wiring – cleat wiring, casing and capping, C.T.S./T.R.S. wiring, metal sheath wiring, conduit wiring and concealed wiring – their procedure.
Factors of selection of a particular wiring system, importance of switch, fuse and earthing of wiring system, types of faults, their causes and remedies.
Types of ear thing- plate ear thing and Pipe ear thing, their procedure and application.
Methods of finding numbers of circuits and circuit distribution by distribution board system, loop in system of wiring connections IE rules related to wiring.