This question paper contains 26 questions. The question paper is divided into four sections - Section A, Section B, Section C and Section D. All questions are compulsory. Marks are indicated against each question.

Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are Very Short Answer Type Questions. Each question carries 1 mark. Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answers to these questions should not exceed 80 words each. Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answers to these questions should not exceed 100 words each.

Question number 26 is a map question of 5 marks with two parts 26 (A) and 26 (B) - 26 (A) from History (2 marks) and 26 (B) from Geography (3 marks).

Section A

1. Explain the aim to form ‘Zollverein’, a Customs Union, in 1834 in Germany.

OR

Explain the main reason responsible for the eruption of a major protest in Saigon Native Girls School in Vietnam in 1926.

2. Why was printing of textbooks sponsored by the Imperial State in China?

OR

Why did Chandu Menon give up the idea of translation of ‘English Novels’ in Malayalam?

3. How has Shillong solved the problem of acute shortage of water?

OR

How has Tamil Nadu solved the problem of acute shortage of water?

4. How did the feeling of alienation develop among the Sri Lankan Tamils?

5. What may be a developmental goal of farmers who depend only on rain for growing crops?

OR

What may be a developmental goal of urban unemployed youth?

6. Give one example each of modern currency and older currency.

7. If you want to purchase an electrical valuable good, what logo would you like to see to confirm its quality?

Section B

8. Describe the great economic hardship that prevailed in Europe during the 1930s.

OR

Describe the serious problem faced by the modern part of Hanoi in 1903.

9. How had the printing press created a new culture of reading in Europe? Explain with examples.

OR

How had Charles Dickens depicted the terrible effects of industrialisation on peoples lives and characters? Explain with examples.

10. Describe any three main features of ‘Alluvial soil’ found in India.

OR
Describe any three main features of ‘Black soil’ found in India.

11. ‘‘The dams that were constructed to control floods have triggered floods.’’ Analyse the statement.

12. Name any two subjects that are included in Concurrent List. How are laws made on these subjects ? Explain.

OR

How is sharing of power between the Union and the State Governments basic to the structure of the Constitution of India? Explain.

13. ‘‘Every social difference does not lead to social division.’’ Justify the statement.

14. How can caste take several forms in politics? Explain with examples.

15. ‘"Crude oil reserves are limited all over the world. If people continue to extract it at the present rate, the reserves would last only 35 - 40 years more.’’ Explain any three ways to solve this problem.

16. Why is it necessary to increase a large number of banks mainly in rural areas? Explain.

OR

Why are service conditions of formal sector loans better than informal sector? Explain.

17. How can the Government of India play a major role to make globalisation more fair? Explain with examples.

OR

How has globalisation affected the life of Indians? Explain with examples.

18. How are consumers enjoying the ‘right to be informed’ in their daily life? Explain with examples.

Section C

19. How had the ‘First World War’ created economic problems in India? Explain with examples.

OR

How had a variety of cultural processes developed a sense of collective belongingness in India during the 19th century? Explain with examples.

20. Describe the role of ‘technology’ in transformation of the world in the nineteenth century.

OR

Describe the life of workers during the nineteenth century in England.

OR

Describe various steps taken to clean up London in the nineteenth century.

21. Name the two major beverage crops grown in India. Describe their growing areas.

22. How can the industrial pollution of fresh water be reduced? Explain various ways.

23. ‘‘Democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities.’’ Justify the statement.

OR

‘‘Democracy is a better form of government than any other form of government.’’ Justify the statement.

24. What is a political party? Explain any four characteristics of a political party.

25. Compare the economic activities of the private sector with that of the public sector.

Section D

26. (A) Two features ‘a’ and ‘b’ are marked on the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked near them:

  1. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held.
  2. The place where Gandhiji violated the salt law.

(B) Locate and label any three of the following with appropriate symbols on the same given outline political map of India:

  1. Bokaro - Iron and Steel Plant
  2. Gandhinagar - Software Technology Park
  3. Tarapur - Nuclear Power Plant
  4. Salal - Dam
  5. Tuticorin - Sea Port