Irrigation is the application of controlled amount of water to plants at needed intervals. There are several methods of irrigation. Flood irrigation, which involves flooding a field with water for irrigating plants, needs a large amount of water. Farmers in India, generally, practise flood irrigation, resulting in wastage of water and less water use efficiency.
It also results in run-off surface and erosion of valuable top soil and nutrients. Microirrigation, which includes drip and sprinkler irrigation, can help farmers conserve water and at the same time increase crop productivity, as water is delivered right at the root zone of plants.
A ‘Microirrigation Technician’, who designs and does the layout of a microirrigation system, procures material required for the installation, testing and commissioning of the system in a farm. The technician can help farmers use microirrigation system efficiently and effectively. The person can provide maintenance services for ensuring uninterrupted water supply to the plants in the farm.
Unit 1: Introduction to Microirrigation System
Unit 2: Installation of Sprinkler Irrigation System
Unit 3: Operation and Maintenance of Microirrigation System