Class 12 NCERT History

Class 12 NCERT History

The book begins with Harappa and ends with the framing of the Indian constitution. The book covers developments in different spheres - economic, cultural, social, political, and religious.

Some themes in the book will introduce you to the politics of the time and the nature of authority and power; others explore the way societies are organised, and the way they function and change; still others tell us about religious life and ritual practices, about the working of economies, and the changes within rural and urban societies.

Indian History - 1

  1. The Harappan Civilisation
  2. Early States and Economies (600 BCE - 600 CE)
  3. Early Societies (600 BCE - 600 CE)
  4. Cultural Developments (600 BCE - 600 CE)

Indian History - 2

  1. Perceptions of Society (tenth to seventeenth centuries)
  2. Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (eighth to eighteenth centuries)
  3. An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara (fourteenth to sixteenth centuries)
  4. Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
  5. The Mughal Courts (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)

Indian History - 3

  1. Colonialism: Exploring Official Archives
  2. 1857 Revolt and its Representations
  3. Colonial Cities: Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
  4. Civil Disobedience and Beyond
  5. Partition: Politics, Memories, Experiences
  6. The Beginning of a New Era