The concept of phonological awareness introduced in is continued in this book. The focus is predominantly aural-oral. Listening as a skill is usually neglected in schools. Children are generally not encouraged to speak in the classroom, unless it is to answer questions put by the teacher. The book contains activities that focus on rhyming, alliteration, consonant clusters, and so on.
Conventional textbooks presented the letters of the alphabet in the beginning itself, in the ‘A for Apple’ mode. This is no longer the case. Research on syllable recognition and letter–sound correspondence have shown that exposure to a series of words focusing on a particular sound facilitates learning.
The field of graphic design and the role of a graphic designer in the contemporary society are constantly changing. Graphic design today has become a specialised activity. Now-a-days we discuss graphic design within the realm of cultural, social, technological and economic context where a graphic designer is a conscious agent who shapes up the environment: natural, industrial, socio-cultural, technological as well as individual. Graphic design has become inseparable part of our life.
Handicrafts are still today a vibrant aspect of Indian culture and society. Crafts have been interwoven with the culture of the people in India from the beginning of human history. Crafts have been an integral part of daily life in villages, towns, courts and religious establishments. The variety of crafts and craft skills available in India and their continuous development throughout the centuries make India a unique country, unlike any other in the world.
As India becomes more prominent in international politics and as events outside the country influence our lives and choices, we need to know more about the world outside. International affairs are discussed with great passion in India, but not always with sufficient understanding.
Psychology is one of the youngest sciences but one of the fastest growing. There are many who believe that the 21st century is going to be the century of biological sciences along with psychological sciences. Development in the fields of neurosciences, as well as physical sciences have opened new doors to solve the mysteries of mind and human behaviour.
The book begins with Harappa and ends with the framing of the Indian constitution. The book covers developments in different spheres - economic, cultural, social, political, and religious. Some themes in the book will introduce you to the politics of the time and the nature of authority and power; others explore the way societies are organised, and the way they function and change; still others tell us about religious life and ritual practices, about the working of economies, and the changes within rural and urban societies.
This textbook for Class XII English course follows the design of the Class XI textbook, Hornbill. The prose selections aim to provide exposure to a wide variety of genres and themes, and writing from different parts of the world. Three short stories, representative of fiction from different parts of the world - French, Swedish and British, have been included.
The selections for the Class XII Elective English Textbook, Kaleidoscope, are representative of Literature in English and fall into the following genres - fiction, non-fiction, drama, poetry. There are three short stories and two long ones in the fiction section representing contemporary writers from five cultures: Gabriel Garcia Marquez, James Joyce, Bi Shu-min, Isaac Singer and Joseph Conrad.
Vistas is a supplementary reader in English (Core course) for Class XII. The main objective of this book is to make extensive reading an enjoyable experience, lead students to appreciate some of the best examples of writing and understand the social milieu they live in.
Biology is the study of life in its entirety. The growth of biology as a natural science during the last 1000 years is interesting from many points of view. One feature of this growth is
changing emphasis. Initially it was description of life forms. Identification, nomenclature, classification of all recorded living forms enjoyed the attention of scientists for a long time.
This book begins where the Political Science textbook stopped last year in Class IX. Last year the tour of democracy introduced you mainly to some basic ideas, institutions and rules of democracy. This year the focus shifts from the institutions to the process. The book introduces you to how democracy works in practice and what can be expected of it.
We live in a world where the existence of nations is taken for granted. We see people as belonging to nations and having a nationality, and we assume that this sense of belonging has existed from time immemorial. We consider countries as the same as nations, and use the two terms as synonyms, making little distinction between them. We think of countries as unified entities, each with a demarcated international boundary, a defined territory, a national language, and a central government.
This book introduces a simplified view of the process of development in the Indian economy. In this book the first beginnings of development are seen in terms of the emergence of agriculture, manufacturing and services as three distinct sectors of the economy. The purpose of the book is to understand the economic life around us and also to think about what we would mean by economic development for people.
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