Download Class X Complete NCERT Book in Sanskrit subject.
The textbook of Science for Class X is a continuation of Class IX Science textbook. It is an integrated approach to science at this level, with no sharp divisions into disciplines such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Environmental Science. The theme of each chapter has been introduced with examples from daily life.
The book has particularly been created with the view to giving children space to explore mathematics and develop the abilities to reason mathematically. Further, two special appendices have been given - Proofs in Mathematics, and Mathematical Modelling.
This book begins where the Political Science textbook stopped last year in Class IX. Last year the tour of democracy introduced you mainly to some basic ideas, institutions and rules of democracy. This year the focus shifts from the institutions to the process. The book introduces you to how democracy works in practice and what can be expected of it.
We live in a world where the existence of nations is taken for granted. We see people as belonging to nations and having a nationality, and we assume that this sense of belonging has existed from time immemorial. We consider countries as the same as nations, and use the two terms as synonyms, making little distinction between them. We think of countries as unified entities, each with a demarcated international boundary, a defined territory, a national language, and a central government.
This book introduces a simplified view of the process of development in the Indian economy. In this book the first beginnings of development are seen in terms of the emergence of agriculture, manufacturing and services as three distinct sectors of the economy. The purpose of the book is to understand the economic life around us and also to think about what we would mean by economic development for people.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amount of water to plants at needed intervals. There are several methods of irrigation. Flood irrigation, which involves flooding a field with water for irrigating plants, needs a large amount of water. Farmers in India, generally, practise flood irrigation, resulting in wastage of water and less water use efficiency.
Information Technology Hardware is one of the fastest growing segments. This segment includes personal storage devices, printers, servers, personal computers (PCs), supercomputers, data processing equipment, and peripherals, such as, monitors, keyboards, disk drives, plotters, switched mode power supply (SMPS), modems, networking products, and add‐on cards.
The job role of a Gardener is important in agriculture. It is related to landscaping and garden activity. The Gardener performs basic operations related to the preparation of the growing medium, seedbed, planting, transplanting, and taking care of plants and planting material. The person is also responsible for tending lawns, trees, shrubs and ground covers.
Floriculturist (Open Cultivation) is a person who undertakes various activities of flower cultivation in open field condition, which involves preparation of the field, seed bed, planting, transplanting, selection of flower crops, and caring of flower crops. Floriculturist performs maintenance operations such as thinning, weeding, irrigation, fertigation, controlling pests and diseases, etc. The job is to be performed in an efficient manner to allow the production of high quality flowers, their harvesting and post–harvest management towards getting higher return.
Power is one of the most critical components of infrastructure and crucial for the welfare of the nation. The power sector plays a vital role in the economic growth and human development of any country. Electricity consumption is one of the most important indices for measuring the development level of a nation.
The Beauty and Wellness sector is growing at a fast pace and is an important industry in India. The reason for this exponential growth is the rising consumerism, globalisation and changing lifestyles of consumers. The rapid growth in the Beauty and Wellness Industry, with the entry of many small and large companies, has led to a huge demand for trained personnel to perform various job roles, such as Assistant Beauty Therapist and Beauty Therapist.
Power is one of the most critical components of infrastructure and crucial for the welfare of the nations. Power sector plays a vital role in the economic growth and human development of any country. Electricity consumption is one of the most important indices for measuring the development level of a nation.
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Psychology is one of the youngest sciences but one of the fastest growing. There are many who believe that the 21st century is going to be the century of biological sciences along with psychological sciences. Development in the fields of neurosciences, as well as physical sciences have opened new doors to solve the mysteries of mind and human behaviour.
As India becomes more prominent in international politics and as events outside the country influence our lives and choices, we need to know more about the world outside. International affairs are discussed with great passion in India, but not always with sufficient understanding.
The textbook contains 13 main chapters and two appendices. Each Chapter contains the introduction highlighting the importance of the topic, connection with earlier studied topics, brief mention about the new concepts to be discussed in the chapter. Chapters are organised into sections comprising one or more concepts or sub-concepts.
The book begins with Harappa and ends with the framing of the Indian constitution. The book covers developments in different spheres - economic, cultural, social, political, and religious. Some themes in the book will introduce you to the politics of the time and the nature of authority and power; others explore the way societies are organised, and the way they function and change; still others tell us about religious life and ritual practices, about the working of economies, and the changes within rural and urban societies.
Download complete books of Class XII NCERT, Hindi subject.
Handicrafts are still today a vibrant aspect of Indian culture and society. Crafts have been interwoven with the culture of the people in India from the beginning of human history. Crafts have been an integral part of daily life in villages, towns, courts and religious establishments. The variety of crafts and craft skills available in India and their continuous development throughout the centuries make India a unique country, unlike any other in the world.
The field of graphic design and the role of a graphic designer in the contemporary society are constantly changing. Graphic design today has become a specialised activity. Now-a-days we discuss graphic design within the realm of cultural, social, technological and economic context where a graphic designer is a conscious agent who shapes up the environment: natural, industrial, socio-cultural, technological as well as individual. Graphic design has become inseparable part of our life.
Vistas is a supplementary reader in English (Core course) for Class XII. The main objective of this book is to make extensive reading an enjoyable experience, lead students to appreciate some of the best examples of writing and understand the social milieu they live in.
The selections for the Class XII Elective English Textbook, Kaleidoscope, are representative of Literature in English and fall into the following genres - fiction, non-fiction, drama, poetry. There are three short stories and two long ones in the fiction section representing contemporary writers from five cultures: Gabriel Garcia Marquez, James Joyce, Bi Shu-min, Isaac Singer and Joseph Conrad.
This textbook for Class XII English course follows the design of the Class XI textbook, Hornbill. The prose selections aim to provide exposure to a wide variety of genres and themes, and writing from different parts of the world. Three short stories, representative of fiction from different parts of the world - French, Swedish and British, have been included.
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Biology is the study of life in its entirety. The growth of biology as a natural science during the last 1000 years is interesting from many points of view. One feature of this growth is changing emphasis. Initially it was description of life forms. Identification, nomenclature, classification of all recorded living forms enjoyed the attention of scientists for a long time.
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The study of the working of the Indian Constitution here is a gateway to studying politics in India. The study of Indian politics is a window to understanding politics in other societies. This book is not about legal provisions and technical details in the Constitution. It is about how institutions are shaped through interaction with actual politics.
Physics is a branch which needs to be understood, not necessarily memorised. As one goes from secondary to higher secondary stage and beyond, physics involves mainly four components, (a) large amount of mathematical base, (b) technical words and terms, whose normal English meanings could be quite different, (c) new intricate concepts, and (d) experimental foundation.
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The syllabus for Heritage Crafts for Classes XI and XII consists of three interrelated units: theory, field study, and applied crafts. The textbook comprising the first unit (theory) has been prepared separately for both the classes. The present book, Exploring the Craft Traditions of India, focuses on activities and the practical aspects, the second and third units of the syllabus for this course.
Download complete books of Class XI NCERT, Geography subject.