Political Science Class 12 Syllabus

The syllabus consists of 16 units divided into two parts: (A) Contemporary World Politics, and (B) Politics in India Since Independence. The theory paper is of 80 marks and three hours duration.

Course Structure

Part A: Contemporary World Politics

Unit  Topic  Marks 
Cold War Era and Non-aligned Movement 12
The End of Bipolarity 
New Centers of Power 12
4 South Asia and the Contemporary World
5 United Nations and its Organizations 8
6 Security in Contemporary World
7 Environment and Natural Resources 8
8 Globalisation
  Total 40

Part B: Politics in India Since Independence

Unit  Topic  Marks 
9 Challenges of Nation-Building  12
10 Planning and Development
11 India's Foreign Policy 6
12 Parties and the Party Systems in India 10
13 Democratic Resurgence
14 Social and New Social Movements in India 12
15 Regional Aspirations
16 Indian Politics: Trends and Developments
  Total 40

Part A: Contemporary World Politics

1. Cold War and Non-aligned Movement

Emergence of two power blocs/Bipolarity, Non-aligned Movement (NAM).

2. The End of Bipolarity

Disintegration of Soviet Union, Unipolar World, Middle East Crisis - Afghanistan, Gulf War, Democratic Politics and Democratization - CIS and the 21st Century (Arab Spring).

3. New Centres of Power

Organizations: European Union, ASEAN, SAARC, BRICS.

Nations: Russia, China, Israel, India.

4. South Asia and the Contemporary World

Conflicts and efforts for Peace and Democratization in South Asia: Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives.

5. United Nations and its Organizations

Principle Organs, Key Agencies: UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, ILO, Security Council and the Need for its Expansion.

6. Security in Contemporary World

Security: Meaning and Types; Terrorism.

7. Environment and Natural Resources

Environmental Movements, Global Warming and Climate Change, Conservation of Natural Resources.

8. Globalization

Globalization: Meaning, Manifestations and Debates.

Part B: Politics in India Since Independence

9. Challenges of Nation-Building

  • Nation and Nation Building
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Integration of States
  • Legacy of Partition: Challenge of Refugee, Resettlement, Kashmir Issue, Nehru’s Approach to  Nation - Building
  • Political Conflicts over Language and Linguistic Organization of States.

10. Planning and Development

  • Changing nature of India’s Economic Development
  • Planning Commission and Five year Plans
  • National Development Council, NITI Aayog.

11. India's Foreign Policy

  • Principles of Foreign Policy; India’s Changing Relations with Other Nations: US, Russia, China, Israel
  • India’s Relations with its Neighbours: Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Myanmar
  • India’s Nuclear Programme

12. Parties and the Party Systems in India

  • Congress System
  • Bi-party System
  • Multi-party Coalition System

13. Democratic Resurgence

  • Jayaprakash Narayan and Total Revolution
  • Ram Manohar Lohia and Socialism
  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay and Integral Humanism
  • National Emergency
  • Democratic Upsurges - Participation of the Adults, Backwards and Youth

14. Social and New Social Movements in India

  • Social vs. New Social Movements
  • Farmer’s movements
  • Worker’s Movements
  • Women’s Movements
  • Ecological Movements

15. Regional Aspirations

  • Rise of Regional Parties
  • Punjab Crisis
  • The Kashmir issue
  • Movements for Autonomy

16. Indian Politics: Trends and Developments

Era of Coalitions: National Front, United Front, United Progressive Alliance [UPA] - I & II, National Democratic Alliance [NDA] - I, II, III & IV, Issues of Development and Governance.