Political Science Class 12 Syllabus

The syllabus consists of 14 units divided into two parts: (A) Contemporary World Politics, and (B) Politics in India Since Independence. The theory paper is of 80 marks and three hours duration.

Exam Structure

Part A: Contemporary World Politics

Unit  Topic  Marks 
1 The End of Bipolarity 8
2 New Centers of Power 12
3 Contemporary South Asia
4 United Nations and its Organizations 10
5 Security in Contemporary World
6 Environment and Natural Resources 10
7 Globalisation
  Total 40

Part B: Politics in India Since Independence

Unit  Topic  Marks 
1 Challenges of Nation-Building  8
2 Planned Development
3 India's Foreign Policy 8
4 Parties and the Party Systems in India 12
5 Democratic Resurgence
6 Regional Aspirations 12
7 Indian Politics: Recent Trends and Developments
  Total 40

Part A: Contemporary World Politics

1. The End of Bipolarity

Disintegration of Soviet Union, Unipolar World, Middle East Crisis - Afghanistan, Gulf War, Democratic Politics and Democratization - CIS and the 21st Century (Arab Spring).

2. New Centres of Power

Organizations: European Union, ASEAN, SAARC, BRICS.

Nations: Russia, China, Israel, India, Japan and South Korea.

3. Contemporary South Asia

Conflicts and efforts for Peace and Democratization in South Asia: Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives.

4. United Nations and its Organizations

Principle Organs, Key Agencies: UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, ILO, Security Council and the Need for its Expansion.

5. Security in Contemporary World

Security: Meaning and Types; Terrorism.

6. Environment and Natural Resources

Environmental Movements, Global Warming and Climate Change, Conservation of Natural Resources.

7. Globalization

Globalization: Meaning, Manifestations and Debates.

Part B: Politics in India Since Independence

1. Challenges of Nation-Building

Nation and Nation Building. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel and Integration of States. Nehru’s approach to nation-building; Legacy of partition: challenge of 'refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir problem. Political conflicts over language. Linguistic Organisation of States.

2. Planned Development

Changing nature of India’s Economic Development Planning Commission and Five Year Plans, National Development Council, NITI Aayog.

3. India's Foreign Policy

Principles of Foreign Policy; India’s Changing Relations with Other Nations: US, Russia, China, Israel; India’s Relations with its Neighbours: Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Myanmar; India’s Nuclear Programme.

4. Parties and the Party Systems in India

One Party Dominance, Bi-Party System, Multi-Party Coalition System.

5. Democratic Resurgence

Jaya Prakash Narayan and Total Revolution, Ram Manohar Lohia and Socialism, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya and Integral Humanism, National Emergency, Democratic Upsurges - Participation of the Adults, Backwards and Youth.

6. Regional Aspirations

Rise of regional parties. Punjab Crisis. The Kashmir Issue, Movements for Autonomy.

7. Indian Politics: Recent Trends and Developments

Era of Coalitions, National Front, United Front, United Progressive Alliance (UPA) - I & II, National Democratic Alliance (NDA) I, II, III & IV, Issues of Development and Governance.