Business Studies Class 12 Term-II Syllabus

The syllabus consists of two parts: (A) Principles and Functions of Management (B) Business Finance and Marketing. In total, there are six units.

Exam Structure

Units    Marks
Part A Principles and Functions of Management  
6 Staffing 20
7 Directing
8 Controlling
Part B Business Finance and Marketing  
9 Financial Management 15
10 Financial Markets
12 Consumer Protection 5
  Total 40

Part A: Principles and Functions of Management

Unit 6: Staffing

Staffing: Concept and importance

Staffing process

Recruitment process

Selection - process

Training and Development - Concept and importance, Methods of training - on the job and off the job - vestibule training, apprenticeship training and internship training

Unit 7: Directing

Directing: Concept and importance

Elements of Directing

Motivation - Concept, Maslow's hierarchy of needs; Financial and non-financial incentives

Leadership - concept, styles - authoritative, democratic and laissez faire

Communication - concept, formal and informal communication

Unit 8: Controlling

Controlling - Concept and importance

Steps in the process of control

Part B: Business Finance and Marketing

Unit 9: Financial Management

Financial Management: Concept, role and objectives

Financial decisions: investment, financing and dividend - Meaning and factors affecting

Financial planning - concept and importance.

Capital Structure - concept and factors affecting capital structure

Fixed and Working Capital - concept and factors affecting their requirements.

Unit 10: Financial Markets

Financial Markets: Concept, Functions and types

Money market and its instruments.

Capital market: Concept, types (primary and secondary), methods of floatation in the primary market

Stock Exchange - Meaning, Functions and trading procedure

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) - objectives and functions.

Unit 12: Consumer Protection

Consumer Protection: Concept

The Consumer Protection Act, 2019: Meaning of consumer, Rights and responsibilities of consumers, Who can file a complaint?, Redressal machinery, Remedies available

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