Political Science Class 11 Syllabus

Theory paper is of 80 marks and 3 hours duration. There are 15 units in the syllabus divided into two parts: (A) Indian Constitution at Work (B) Political Theory.

Exam Structure

Unit Topic Marks
Part A: Indian Constitution at Work   40
1 Constitution 12  
2 Election and Representation 10  
3 The Legislature
4 The Executive 8  
5 The Judiciary
6 Federalism 10  
7 Local Governments
Part B: Political Theory   40
8 Political Theory: An Introduction
9 Liberty 10
10 Equality
11 Justice 8
12 Rights
13 Citizenship 10
14 Nationalism
15 Secularism 8

Part A: Indian Constitution at Work

1. Constitution

Constitution: Why and How, The Making of the Constitution, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, constitutional Amendments.

2. Election and Representation

Elections and Democracy, Election System in India, Electoral Reforms.

3. Legislature

 Why do we need a Parliament? Unicameral / Bicameral Legislature. Functions and Power of the Parliament, Parliamentary committees. Parliamentary Officials: Speaker, Deputy Speaker, Parliamentary Secretary.

4. Executive

What is an Executive? Different Types of Executive. Parliamentary Executive in India, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. Permanent Executive: Bureaucracy.

5. Judiciary

Why do we need an Independent Judiciary? Structure of the Judiciary,  Judicial Review, Judicial Activism, Judicial Over-reach.

6. Federalism

What is Federalism? Evolution & Growth of the Indian Federalism: Quasi Federalism, Cooperative Federalism & Competitive Federalism.

7. Local Governments

Why do we need Local Governments? Growth of Local Government in India, 73rd and 74th Amendments, Working and Challenges of Local Governments.

Part B: Political Theory

8. Political Theory: An Introduction

What is Politics? Politics V/s Political Theory, Importance of Political Theory.

9. Liberty

Liberty V/s Freedom, Negative and Positive Liberty.

10. Equality

What is Equality? Significance of Equality. Various dimensions of Equality. How can we promote Equality?

11. Justice

What is Justice? Different dimensions of Justice, Distributive Justice.

12. Rights

What are Rights? Where do Rights come from? Legal Rights and the State. Kinds of Rights. Human Rights.

13. Citizenship

What is citizenship? Citizen and Citizenship, Citizen and Nation, Global Citizenship.

14. Nationalism

Nations and Nationalism, Variants of Nationalism, Nationalism, Pluralism and Multiculturalism.

15. Secularism

What is Secularism? What is Secular State? The Western and the Indian approaches to Secularism. Salient Features of Indian Secularism.

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