Geography Class 11 Term-II Syllabus

The syllabus is divided into two parts: (A) Fundamentals of Physical Geography (B) India - Physical Environment.

Exam Structure

Part/Unit Topic or Chapter Marks
Part A Fundamentals of Physical Geography  
Unit 4 Climate 8
Unit 5 Water (Oceans) 4
Unit 6 Life on the Earth 3
Part B India - Physical Environment  
Unit 9 Climate, Vegetation and Soil 15
  Map work 5
  Total 35

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit 4: Climate

  • Atmosphere - composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
  • Insolation - angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth - heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature - factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature - horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.
  • Pressure - pressure belts; winds - planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extra-tropical cyclones.
  • Precipitation - evaporation; condensation - dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall  -types and world distribution

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

  • Movements of ocean water - waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs
  • Ocean resources and pollution

Unit 6: Life on the Earth

  • Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation.

Part B: India - Physical Environment

Unit 9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil

  • Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts
  • Natural vegetation - forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves
  • Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation

Map work on identification / interpolation of features based on the units on the outline Physical or Political map of the world or India.

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