The syllabus consists of four units: (i) Biotechnology: An overview, (ii) Molecules of Life, (iii) Genetics and Molecular Biology, and (iv) Cells and Organisms.
|Unit - I||Biotechnology: An overview||5|
|Unit - II||Molecules of Life||20|
|Unit - III||Genetics and Molecular Biology||20|
|Unit - IV||Cells and Organisms||25|
Chapter 1: Introduction to Biotechnology
Historical Perspectives; Production Strategies in Biotechnology; Quality Control; Product Safety; Good Manufacturing Practices; Good Laboratory Practices; Intellectual Property; Public Perception; Global market; Biotechnology in India and Global Trends
Chapter 1: Biomolecules: Building Blocks
Building Blocks of Carbohydrates - Sugars and Their Derivatives; Building Blocks of Proteins - Amino Acids; Building Blocks of Lipids - Simple Fatty Acids, Sphingosine, Glycerol and Cholesterol; Building Blocks of Nucleic Acids - Nucleotides; Biochemical Transformations
Chapter 2: Macromolecules: Structure & Function
Carbohydrates - The Energy Givers; Proteins - The Performers; Enzymes - The Catalysts; Lipids and Biomembranes - The Barriers; Nucleic Acids - The Managers
Chapter-1: Concepts of Genetics
Historical Perspective, Multiple Alleles, Linkage and Crossing Over, Genetic Mapping, Gene Interaction, Sex-Linked Inheritance, Extranuclear Inheritance, Qauntitative Inheritance, Genes at the Population Level
Chapter-2: Genes and Genomes: Structure and Function
Discovery of DNA as Genetic Material, DNA Replication, Fine Structure of Genes, From Gene to Protein, Transcription – The Basic Process, Genetic Code, Translation, Regulation of Gene Expression, Mutations, DNA Repair, Human Genetic Disorders, Genome Organization
Chapter 1: The Basic Unit of Life
Cell Structure and Components, Tissues and Organs, Stem Cells, Biodiversity, Organization of Life.
Chapter 2: Cell Growth and Development
Cell Division, Cell Cycle, Cell Communication, Nutrition, Gaseous Exchange, Internal Transport, Maintaining the Internal Environment, Reproduction, In Vitro Fertilization, Animal and Plant Development, Immune Response in Animals, Programmed Cell Death, Defense Mechanisms in Plants.