In 2012, the HRD Ministry planned to introduce open book examination. The CBSE also recommended that multiple modes of assessment need to be provided to cater to the varied abilities of individual strengths of learners.
Therefore, CBSE introduced an element of Open Text Based Assessment for classes IX and XI in March, 2014 Examination. These are meant to incorporate analytical and theoretical skills, thus moving away from memorization.
This is a part of Summative Assessment II that is held in March, every year. It is applicable to all the main subjects: Hindi, English, Maths, Science and Social Science. Schools are supplied with textual material in few months before the commencement of Summative Assessment II.
The textual material is related to chosen concepts taken from the syllabus. OTBA has questions of higher order thinking skills and some of which are subjective, creative and open ended.
This is a part of annual examination that is held in March, every year. It is applicable to Economics, Biology and Geography only.
Schools are supplied with textual material in the form of an article, a case study, a diagram, a concept or mind map, a picture or a cartoon, problem or situation based on the concepts taught to the students during the session.
Teachers are expected to provide a bridge between the theory and practice. The Text/Case studies are designed to promote active participation of students requiring them to engage in active learning process through discussion, analysis, self-reflection and critical thinking.
The teachers are expected to assign the text material received from the CBSE to the students in groups so that they can read, and understand it through discussions, view it from different perspectives, brainstorm main ideas in class or even do further research outside the class. The main objective of introducing this element is to provide opportunities to students to apply theoretical concepts to a real life scenario by encouraging active and group learning in the Class.
The teachers should guide students and provide feedback at regular intervals about their performance during the completion of assigned activities. Since real-life cases or situations are complex and open to different opinions, teachers must be prepared for innovative and open answers from students.
Depending on the text material/case study supplied to students, the answers will be assessed on a set of assessment rubrics showing the extent of which students were able to do the following: